The Division of Water Infrastructure was created by the state legislature in 2013 through North Carolina General Statute 159G to consolidate funding programs that were previously administered by the Division of Water Quality, Division of Water Resources, and Department of Commerce. The division administers programs to provide grants and low-interest loans to local government units for water and wastewater infrastructure projects. The legislation that created the division also created the State Water Infrastructure Authority.
Division-funded projects include sewer collection and treatment systems, drinking water distribution systems, water treatment plants, storm water management systems, and stream restoration. Division funding programs include the Drinking Water State Revolving Fund (DWSRF), Clean Water State Revolving Fund (CWSRF), Community Development Block Grant-Infrastructure program (CDBG-I), State Wastewater and Drinking Water Reserve programs, Merger/Regionalization Feasibility Grants (MRF), Asset and Inventory Assessment Grants (AIA) and the Viable Utilities program (VUR).