The Open Burning Rule is one of North Carolina's oldest air quality regulations, first adopted in 1971. The rule prohibits much outdoor burning and sets conditions for allowable fires. Under the rule, it is always illegal to burn trash and other non-vegetative materials. Leaves, branches and other plant growth can be burned under certain conditions. Violators can be fined up to $25,000 or more.
Read more about the Section .1900 Open Burning Rule here.
NOTE: The N.C. General Assembly has amended several sections of the Open Burning Rule in recent years. In the 2014 session, legislators removed the restriction on burning stumps and logs over 6 inches in diameter for homeowners. Lawmakers also changed the rule so that smoke from allowable residential burning of large logs and stumps will not be considered a nuisance. More details can be viewed at Regulatory Reform Act of 2014, Sect. 24 (Open Burning Without an Air Quality Permit).
In the 2013 session, legislators amended restrictions on the transport of vegetative matter for outdoor burning. Under the change, vegetation from land-clearing operations may now be transported off-site and burned in another location under certain circumstances. Such burning may be allowed if the material is: burned not more than four times a year, located at least 500 feet from occupied buildings, and contains no more than two piles less than 20 feet in diameter. More details can be viewed in Regulatory Reform Act of 2013, Sect. 28 (Open Burning Without an Air Quality Permit).
U.S. EPA Resources:
- Volume 1: Technical Report, EPA Publication Number: EPA-600/r-97-134a
- Volume 2: Appendices A-G, EPA Publication Number: EPA-600/r-97-134b
- Project Summary (March 1998), EPA Publication Number: EPA/600/SR-97/134
- AP-42 Air Pollution Emission Factors (see section 2.5 for open burning)